How energy from sunlight is captured by the panels and converted to DC (direct current) power is simple. That energy is conveyed from the panels to the inverter that then converts the DC energy to AC (alternating current) energy.
AC energy is suitable for use at your place of business. This energy can be used as needed at your business or exported into the utilities energy grid when a surplus condition is created at your location.
Much like a traditional electric meter that measures the amount of energy used at your location, a net meter measures the amount of electricity moving in either direction.
Whether it’s moving in from the utilities electric grid, for example, at night when your solar is not working, or moving out, maybe on a sunny Sunday afternoon when your business is closed and using very little energy creating a surplus at your location.
These positive and negative flows of energy are recorded by the net meter and read monthly by the utility company, who sends you an accounting of your usage or credit each month. Any credits or shortfalls are carried over month to month for a period of one year and then reconciled annually.